Our health policy communicates the corporate expectations for identifying and evaluating health risks related to our operations that can potentially affect our employees, contractors or the public. We seek to address the diverse health considerations prevalent in the different locations in which we work by creating effective and efficient solutions that protect our workforce and operations from major health threats. We also provide voluntary health programmes to our employees that are designed to promote enhanced well-being and productivity.
To ensure our occupational health risks are credibly assessed, prioritised and documented, we utilise an exposure assessment strategy to identify and evaluate health risks related to our operations, as identified by OIMS. Health hazard exposure assessments for field work activities are conducted by our industrial hygiene professionals using a comprehensive global approach that not only identifies and evaluates health hazards, but also provides for risk-based prioritisation.
To protect our workers and their families while preventing potential operation disruptions, ExxonMobil developed prevention, control and monitoring programmes that address the threat of infectious diseases such as malaria, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Ebola and other outbreaks. For example, our Malaria Control Program is designed to prevent and quickly manage malaria cases among employees and contractors working in or traveling to malaria-prone areas. Since 2007, no malaria-related deaths among ExxonMobil workers have been reported. In addition, no operational disruptions due to an infectious disease outbreak have been reported in company workplaces since 2010. For information about our efforts to eliminate malaria in the communities where we operate, see the discussion on our malaria initiative.
Leveraging our ongoing efforts to combat infectious diseases enabled us to swiftly mobilise to help communities address the Ebola virus outbreak in West Africa, which took a toll on the region and resulted in more than 11,000 deaths from 2014 to 2015. During that time, ExxonMobil worked to ensure the safety of our employees and contractors in the region, none of whom were directly impacted by the virus. In total, ExxonMobil contributed more than $670,000 to Ebola-related community health investments.
ExxonMobil’s Culture of Health is our U.S.-based health and wellness program, which is designed to support the health of our employees and reduce health care costs. We provide collaborative health education, nutrition and fitness programmes that are formatted to meet the needs of a variety of work environments such as offices and manufacturing sites. Additionally, we offer employees health coaching and disease management.
Supporting a culture of health outside the United States is also a priority. Our Culture of Health pilot programmes in Argentina, Malaysia, Nigeria and the United Kingdom moved into sustainment phase at the end of 2015. In each country, we develop programmes within the context of different health care systems, health needs and available resources. We offer benefits plans that comply with or exceed applicable country laws or regulations.
In recent years, ExxonMobil has taken a leadership role in minimising and mitigating worker fatigue, which has the potential to impact the health and safety of our workforce. Studies show that, in addition to being safer, individuals who are rested and alert are less likely to experience personal health issues including cardiovascular, immune and psychosocial conditions. Because of this, we have implemented relevant programmes at a variety of our sites, including refineries, chemical plants and pipeline operations in the United States, as well as some of our Upstream facilities in Canada. Additionally, we have started integrating personal fatigue management into our Culture of Health programmes.